Liberalisation measures and, consequently, increased connectivity have a overall positive impact on tourism, employment and the economy as a whole. Improved connectivity in air cargo increases productivity, opens up new markets, stimulates exports and increases competition and choice of foreign producers in the domestic market. The many states seeking regulatory convergence on liberalization and competition at the bilateral and regional levels demonstrate the importance of liberalization. Third, the removal of the four undeered agreements would result in an increase in passenger traffic. Current bilateral agreements between the United States and the United Kingdom, Greece, Ireland and Spain limit the amount of transatlantic travel. In order to assess the impact of replacing these restrictive bilateral agreements with open airspace, we calculated the impact of the “open skies” agreements between the United States and other EU countries in the 1990s, which replaced equally restrictive agreements. There is little the Europeans can do to convince Russia to stay within the treaty if the United States withdraws from the treaty. However, they could go to Belarus to determine if it wants to stay in the framework. Indeed, while Russia and Belarus were considered an entity (along with Ukraine) in the 1992 treaty, differences in the implementation of the agreement quickly led Belarus to request active and passive independent quotas. Although contact with Belarus would not save the “open skies” treaty as a confidence-building measure for the whole of Europe, it would at least strengthen the country`s sovereignty and give its President Alexander Lukashenko an additional legal argument to block the creation of Russian military bases on Belarusian soil. And in the Balkans, the treaty continues to be used to monitor military maneuvers and installations in several formerly Yugoslav states. Iowans know that we win if companies are allowed to compete for our business.
In cases, the price of flights on “open skies” on highly regulated routes fell by 32%. If airlines and consumers have more choice, costs and our competitiveness in the global marketplace will decrease. ICAO is helping to improve connectivity in different areas through market access, consumer protection, etc. The aim is, for example, to facilitate international agreements aimed at liberalizing current restrictions through policy directions and guidelines. While existing open ski agreements are generally welcomed in a fairly positive way, some aspects of the treaties are still subject to criticism. Allegations have been made that the legislation in question favours certain countries too much and that it does not adequately promote the fair trading conditions they are supposed to create.