In October of this period, the two countries agreed on a ceasefire agreement, also brokered by Russia, but which did not succeed. 📣 Express Explained is now on telegram The agreement that aims to end the conflict between the two nations was signed by Russian President Vladimir Putin, Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev and Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan. Several ceasefire agreements have been signed between the two sides since the conflict began in September, but none have been reached so far. The Nagorno-Karabakh Ceasefire Agreement 2020 is a ceasefire agreement that ended the Nagorno-Karabakh war in 2020. Signed on November 9 by Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev, Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan and Russian President Vladimir Putin, it ended all hostilities in the Nagorno-Karabakh region from 00:00, 10:00. November 2020, Moscow time.   The President of the self-proclaimed Republic of Arzach, Arayik Harutyunyan, also agreed to an end to hostilities.  “They [Armenian army] should either voluntarily leave the territory by sticking to the agreement, or the heroic Azerbaijani army will reconstitute these countries, as it has done so far. There is no other choice,” Mevlut Cavusoglu said at a press briefing in Baku, the capital of Azerbaijan. Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev reacted to the agreement with these words: “This declaration represents armenia`s capitulation.
This declaration puts an end to years of occupation.  Large-scale celebrations erupted throughout Azerbaijan, especially in the capital Baku, when news of the agreement was announced.  Aliyev also said that Turkey, a close ally of Baku, would participate in the peacekeeping center to monitor the ceasefire. Since the outbreak of fighting on 27 September, several thousand people have reportedly been killed on both sides. Three ceasefire agreements collapsed as soon as they entered into force. Under the agreement, the two belligerents undertook to exchange prisoners of war and the dead. In addition, the Armenian armed forces are expected to withdraw from the territories occupied by Armenia around Nagorno-Karabakh by 1 December. A Russian peacekeeping force of about 2,000 Russian ground forces is expected to be deployed in the region for at least five years, with one of its tasks being the protection of the Lachin corridor linking Armenia to the Nagorno-Karabakh region. In addition, Armenia pledged to “guarantee” the safe passage between the Azerbaijani mainland and its enclave of Nachitchevan by a land strip in the Armenian province of Syunik. The Russian FSB border forces would exercise control over transport communications.
   Anger had intensified in Armenia before the deal, with seventeen opposition parties calling on Pachinjan and the rest of his government to resign immediately on Monday. But zoom in more precisely, and while Azerbaijanis are right to celebrate a return home, from where they were driven 30 years ago, the risks to the Armenian people as a whole could not be greater. By signing the ceasefire agreement, Armenia agreed to gradually return to Baku the territories of Karabakh that it had occupied militarily since the 1990s. But culturally, it`s not that simple. The people who live in these parts are not all Armenians, but for the most part, and since ancient times. That is why they fought for independence. They call the enclave Artsakh. Its valleys and deep ridges are dotted with more than 3500 monasteries, churches, distinctive Armenian khachkars (cross stones) and tombstones. In addition to this Armenian-Christian heritage, there is a plethora of pre-Christian sites and a smaller percentage of Muslim monuments, all carefully listed. The teams are now working to draw up an official list of what exactly is in the districts that will be returned to Azerbaijani control. Because when it comes to Armenian heritage, Baku has a terrible form. .