The provisions on citizens` rights were adopted by the UK and the EU in the draft Withdrawal Agreement of March 2018. There is no modification or addition of content, except in the provisions relating to the rights of nationals of Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland. Rules of understanding and interpretation of the agreement. It is specified that they have the same legal force in the EU as in the United Kingdom. The rules have direct effect, which means that, if they are precise and clear, they can be invoked directly by individuals before national courts. EU legal concepts must be interpreted in accordance with EU law and taking into account the practice of the Court of Justice of the European Union. The part of the institutional and final provisions (Articles 158 to 185) contains provisions to ensure uniform interpretation and application of the Agreement. In addition, a Joint Committee and a Dispute Settlement Procedure will be set up for the management of the Agreement. The purpose of this Section is also for the Parties to make every possible contribution to reaching agreement on their future relationship before the end of the transition period.
The Withdrawal Agreement provides for a transitional period until 31 December 2020, during which the United Kingdom will remain in the internal market to ensure smooth trade until a long-term relationship is agreed. In the absence of an agreement on that date, the UK will leave the internal market on 1 January 2021 without a trade agreement. The Withdrawal Agreement is closely linked to a non-binding political declaration on the future relationship between the EU and the UK. . . .